APA (American Psychological Association) Manual format is used by the behavioral and social sciences, including business, education, nursing, psychology, and sociology. References (citations) generally contain author, year of publication, title and publication information. APA style documentation uses in-text parenthetical references with author date.
opens new windowIntroducing the 7th Ed. APA Style Publication Manual, by APA [YouTube, 3:11 mins.]
Digital Object Identifiers, or DOIs, are persistent links used in scientific and scholarly publishing to provide a permanent electronic address to avoid the problems of broken, outdated, or changed links. opens new windowThe DOI System provides a means for managing information in changing digital environments.